Bien que la demande de l’Administration Biden de budget pour le Department of Defense (DoD) soit inférieure de 7 milliards à ce qui avait été initialement prévu, en 2021 dans le Future Years Defense Program, les coûts cumulatifs, présentés dans cet article, resteront les mêmes que ceux projetés par le Congressional Budget Office pour la période 2022-2031 dans ce Future Years Defense Program.
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This report describes the Congressional Budget Office’s analysis of the costs and budgetary consequences through 2031 of current plans for the Department of Defense (DoD). Ordinarily, CBO would have based its projections of long-term costs on DoD’s 2022 Future Years Defense Program (FYDP), which would have covered fiscal years 2022 to 2026. However, as is common when a new Administration submits its first budget request, DoD did not release a 2022 FYDP. Therefore, the report draws from the fiscal year 2022 budget request submitted by the Biden Administration, other documents and statements published by the Administration, and the 2021 FYDP (the most recent five-year plan released by DoD).
The Administration’s 2022 budget request calls for $715 billion in funding for DoD. In real terms—that is, with adjustments to remove the effects of inflation—the funding request is 1.5 percent less than the total amount provided for 2021 and 1.0 percent less than the amount that would have been requested for 2022 under the Trump Administration’s final (2021) FYDP.
Almost two-thirds of the request is for operation and support ($292 billion for operation and maintenance and $167 billion for military personnel), and about one-third is for acquisition ($134 billion for procurement and $112 billion for research, development, test, and evaluation). The remaining $9.8 billion is for infrastructure ($8.4 billion for military construction and $1.4 billion for family housing).
For the years after 2022, CBO projects that DoD’s costs would steadily increase so that, in 2031, the department’s budget (in 2022 dollars) would reach $787 billion, about 10 percent more than the amount proposed in the 2022 budget.