Au niveau de la liberté économique, mesurée par le degré d’interférence du gouvernement sur les affaires commerciales de sa population, le Québec apparaît au 56e rang des États nord-américains, étant au neuvième et dernier rang des provinces canadiennes. Le régime fiscal fait partie des critères étudiés pour construire cet indicateur.
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Canadian provinces once again lag behind U.S. states in economic freedom, finds a new report released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan, public policy think-tank. Economic freedom—the ability of individuals to make their own economic decisions about what to buy, where to work and whether to start a business—remains fundamental to prosperity.
“Higher levels of economic freedom lead to more opportunity, more prosperity, greater economic growth, more investment and more jobs for Canadians,” said Fred McMahon, the Dr. Michael A. Walker Research Chair in Economic Freedom at the Fraser Institute and co-author of this year’s Economic Freedom of North America report, which measures government spending, taxation and labour market restrictions using data from 2019 (the latest year of available comparable data).
After seven straight years atop the rankings—which include the 50 U.S. states, 32 Mexican states and 10 Canadian provinces—Alberta fell from top spot three years ago and this year tied for 33rd place.
British Columbia is the second-highest ranked province (47 th) followed by Ontario (52nd), Saskatchewan (54th), Manitoba (55 th) and Quebec (56 th)
The Economic Freedom of North America report (also co-authored by José Torra, head of research at the Mexico City-based Caminos de la Libertad) is an offshoot of the Fraser Institute’s Economic Freedom of the World index, the result of more than a quarter century of work by more than 60 scholars including three Nobel laureates