Les auteurs analysent les données disponibles et réévaluent la quantité de personnes sans-abri dans 49 communautés canadiennes et suggèrent des mesures fiscales mieux adaptées afin de diminuer ce nombre.
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In 2018, the federal government coordinated point-in-time counts in 61 Canadian communities. These counts, all conducted over the course of a few nights during the months of March and April, revealed that 25,216 people were experiencing homelessness. Of those, 20,803 slept in emergency shelters while 4,481 slept on the streets, in cars, or in some other unsuitable place.
Reviewing the data for 49 of those 61 communities, this paper examines the impact of community-level conditions on the prevalence of homelessness. The structural determinants of both sheltered and unsheltered homelessness are examined. The analysis shows that more expensive low-quality rental units have a strong positive relationship with the numbers of people staying in homeless shelters. A higher percentage of people in a community living in poverty is also related to increased numbers of people having to make use of homeless shelters. Increases in social assistance income, which undoubtedly improved the well-being of recipients, had no significant relationship with the number of people experiencing homelessness. This latter result is consistent with individuals and families with low income having a small income elasticity of housing demand. For these individuals and families, marginal additions to income are first used to relieve constraints on their budgets for food, utilities, and other necessities rather than being used to finance improvements in † Data on point-in-time counts were made available to us by Employment and Social Development Canada. The opinions and interpretations expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of Employment and Social Development Canada or the Government of Canada. We thank Rachel Campbell, Patrick Hunter, and anonymous reviewers for helpful comments. Any errors, omissions, or misinterpretations are solely the responsibility of the authors. 1 housing conditions. The fraction of the population that self-identifies as Indigenous is positively related to both sheltered and unsheltered homelessness, a result consistent with claims of discrimination in housing markets. Finally, a milder climate is associated with higher numbers of people experiencing unsheltered homelessness.
Carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) is one of Canada’s most promising opportunities. It holds immense potential to reduce emissions globally considering that approximately 40 percent of the world’s electricity is still coal-generated. The International Energy Agency has concluded that “reaching net zero will be virtually impossible without carbon capture utilization and storage.” Canada’s Industry Strategy Council recently identified CCUS as a source of exportable expertise that can help position the country as a world leader in clean energy and technology.
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